The cryptocurrency market has grown enormously in the last few years and is expected to continue to grow in both value and volume. The leading cryptocurrency is Bitcoin, but other cryptocurrencies which also use blockchain technology have recently emerged. The current estimated market value of Bitcoin is almost $19.5 billion. The total market cap of the world is $80 trillion and is growing rapidly. The value of the world’s stock exchange has grown by 320% since 2009. US exchanges dominate the global stock market. Owning an index fund on a major world index helps to mitigate some of the risks of individual stock ownership. The best performing major index over the last 20 years has consistently been the US-based index NASDAQ. However, the 2000 dot-com crash and the 2008 financial crisis severely impacted the number of Americans investing in the stock market. In 2007 the number of Americans investing in the stock market reached 65.5%. By contrast, in 2016 only 52% of Americans had spent. The overwhelming majority of trading is carried out through automated systems. The foreign exchange market is the most significant financial market in the world, both in terms of value and volume. It is the only market that is permanently open. More than 85% of exchanges are represented by just 7 currency pairs, and the US dollar is the most significant currency in the foreign exchange market. According to Google searches, more people are currently interested in trading Bitcoin than they are in trading gold or oil. GBP/USD exchanges are known as ‘the cable’. The largest company in the forex market is IG Index which is listed on the London Stock Exchange. The vast majority of spread betting trades are buy positions. IG’s revenue increases as the stock market becomes more uncertain.
Some of the advantages of using crowdfunding as a method of acquiring capital include that it doubles as a method of marketing and offers an opportunity for the entrepreneur to gain feedback. One of the significant drawbacks of this approach is the amount of time it requires. The most money raised through crowdfunding is in China. Both the number of crowdfunding campaigns and the transaction values associated with crowdfunding are predicted to increase between now and 2022. Transaction Value is expected to show an annual growth rate (CAGR 2018-2022) of 10.4% resulting in the total amount of US$1,546.3m in 2022.